ABACUS

ABACUS

Introduction

Ace Uganda in conjunction with MASTERMINDS INDIA is now introducing abacus classes a specialized course, that is  “Brain Development Program” for children. It is a boon for kids as it enables them not only to learn to do mental math but also to utilize all functions of both left and right brain. We understand the importance of ‘play’ in a child’s life and implement playful methods in our lesson.

What exactly is Abacus?

Many people often confuse themselves by considering Abacus as a calculating device. They are partially correct as the Abacus instrument, during the ancient times was only used as a tool for performing calculations. But as the years have passed, people have realized that the wonders of using an Abacus instrument cannot merely be limited to being an aid to perform calculations.

In the modern era (ages after the discovery), Abacus instrument is used as a “Brain Development Tool” for small kids. Children aged 4 to 14 years are educated over Abacus where they are exposed to using both (left and right) hands. As a result of this training for over 2 and half years, both sides of brain functionality gets activated (unlike the usual brain functions where only one side of the brain remains active).

According to the researches, it is observed and proved that as a result of Abacus training, when kids use left hand, sensors of right brain are hit and vice versa. For this reason, the brain is able to function twice than usual and adds to the academic performances of children. Of course, the mental arithmetic and ability to perform faster calculations count among the many benefits of opting for the Abacus course.

Abacus History

Find History Of Abacus:

The word Abacus has been derived from a Greek word ‘abax’ or ‘abakon’ which means ‘tabular form’ that is possibly derived from a Semitic word ‘abq’ which means ‘sand’.

Invention of Abacus- The abacus is the most primitive form of calculating device which was invented somewhere in between 300-500 BC. The abacus has travelled a long way and had transitions as it travelled in different countries over the world.

How did it work? 
The abacus in ancient days was used purely as a calculating device. Every bead was assigned a value starting from a units place moving towards the left. The beads in the upper deck had different values than of those in the lower deck. The calculating process necessiated the use of both hands of the person using it. All the calculations were based on the movements of the beads. This was probably one of the greatest invention of the ancient days that helped the merchants and traders in their accounting.

How Abacus came into existence?

The necessity-There was a time when there were only 9 (1 to 9) digits available for counting purposes that too on fingers. This made it difficult for the traders to calculate the cost of selling and purchase of goods. That was the time when the abacus instrument was made for long additions, subtractions, multiplications, divisions, negative numbers etc.

It was earlier structured horizontally having a wooden frame and beads of stones and pebbles which were later changed to vertical alignment. Over the years it has been transformed several times and is now finally used as a brain development tool for small kids.

Evolution of Abacus:

Who Invented Abacus? Abacus was invented by Chinese in 500 BC (while some indications argue on its invention by Babylonians in 300 BC) and was used as one of the most primitive calculators (or counting device to be precise). The first century sources have also given evidence on abacus being used by Indians with a separate column that counted digits with ‘shunya’ (zero). Although, the history still searches for facts that can give a confirmed statement on the invention of abacus.

The Salamis tablet (300 BC) used by Babylonians circa is considered to be the ancestor of abaci. Then came the Roman and Greek abaci, which had different orientation and presentation, but same functionality. Different ages brought different changes in the forms of abaci as its usage was adapted by races from China, India, Korea, Persia, Rome, Japan and Russia.

The Suanpan, one of the modern age abaci which was a Chinese abacus had 2/5 decks and due to its complexity was replaced by Soroban abacus, a Japanese abacus, which was developed further by a famous mathematician Seki Kowa who removed one bead each from upper and lower decks to make it 1/4 decks.

Abacus Today:

The abacus we use today is the Soroban abacus. It gained popularity with the whole World competing on a common platform after Globalization. It had an impact on the education system of different nations.

Entry Requirements

Eligibility  :  Kids between 4 to 14 years

Program Overview

Abacus Course Information:

A course that can change the course of your kid’s life!

Most of the people are unaware about the benefits associated with abacus course for kids. Definitely the course ensures an increase in speed of the arithmetic calculations with accurate results but, Master Mind Abacus does lot more for kids at an early age. It develops an ability to utilize the left and right brain functions simultaneously. Below mentioned are the skills that get augmented in the program.

Course Structure of Complete Abacus learning for kids

Levels 0 to10 Levels.
Course Duration 2 and half years (Each level of 3 months)
Sessions Once a week (2 hours each)
Eligibility Students should be in age group of 4 to 14 years
Course Kit  Abacus classes for kids have different books for each level

Book is structured level-wise and day-wise for better understanding of abacus for children.

Each day’s practice is supported by the mathematical games incorporated in the books.

Separate book for parents which is structured to facilitate practice of their children at home

17 rod abacus.

Master Mind Abacus T-shirt , cap and a Bag